ADD, or Attention Deficit Disorder, affects an estimated 1 in 10 children in the United States. Since some, but not all, children outgrow these symptoms, fewer adults suffer from ADD than children. ADD is also known as ADHD, or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. While psychologists once thought that ADD was a childhood disorder, it is now known that adults can also suffer from ADD symptoms. Children with ADD symptoms experience both social and academic problems, and are sometimes labeled as ‘disruptive’ or ‘misbehaved’. Adults with ADD symptoms suffer from problems at work and in relationships.
Children with ADD present with the following symptoms:
Adults with ADD present with the following symptoms:
No one knows the exact causes of ADD. However, there is strong evidence that signs of ADD have a genetic component. ADD also appears to be more common in situations where the mother smoke or drank during pregnancy, or had a difficult pregnancy. There is also evidence that preschoolers are more likely to develop symptoms of ADD if they are exposed to lead. There has been some circumstantial evidence that brain injuries are related to ADD, but it is more likely that brain injury simply exhibits some symptoms in common with ADD. Some believe that there is a relationship between sugar and ADD symptoms, though scientific studies have indicated that there is no such relationship. Studies examining a possible relationship between food additives and ADD are ongoing.
If you ask that your or your child’s doctor test for ADD, you can expect he or she will do the following:
Some options if you or your child is diagnosed with ADD may be:
Many believe that there are dietary treatments for ADD, such as reducing the amount of additives, sugar and processed foods ingested. High fiber foods with plenty of berries and grains are thought to be beneficial. Some recommend eating a diet high in protein and Omega-3 fatty acids, and in general following a healthy diet low in sugars and high in whole grains.
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