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Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer

Overview and Facts

Breast cancer is a cancer that affects the breast tissue and is usually located in the lining of the milk ducts. The cancer is formed by abnormal cells that have multiplied at a fast rate and can spread to other areas of the body as a result. Almost one in eight women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime, and it is only second to lung cancer in the leading cause of overall deaths from cancer.

Signs and Symptoms

Although symptoms are not usually apparent in the early stages of breast cancer, with the progression of tumor growth there are numerous breast cancer signs that may occur. Those that are experiencing a difference in the texture of the breast, which can be in the form of lumps, or tenderness that persists beyond the menstrual cycle could be encountering the first in breast cancer symptoms. These lumps can often times be found in the underarm area, as well as in the breast and might not be able to be detected without a mammogram. The skin around the nipple area could also exhibit breast cancer signs by becoming inflamed or changing appearance by becoming dimpled.

Causes and Diagnosis

There are a several causes of breast cancer that range from both external factors to being genetically predisposed to developing the disease. It has been found that women who partake in diets that are high in fat are more prone to contract breast cancer, as well as those who consume an abundance of alcohol on a regular basis. Studies have shown that hormones play a major role in the development of breast cancer, due to estrogen’s promotion in the division of cells, which increases the risk of them becoming cancerous. In addition to diet and hormones, genetics have also been shown to make women more susceptible to contracting the disease. Studies have found that the genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are carried in one in 200 women and can increase the chance of developing breast cancer.

Tests and Treatments

In order to catch breast cancer before it spreads, it is advised for women to get yearly clinical breast examinations through their healthcare provider. Due to the fact that women who are older are more prone to developing the disease, those over the age of forty are recommended to receive mammograms. Once diagnosed, there are several breast cancer treatments for the patient to consider. One choice is receiving a lumpectomy, which involves surgically removing the area where the cancer is located. Hormone therapies are also available to help prevent the growth of cancer due to excessive estrogen. Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that helps to kill off cancer cells and is beneficial for women who’s cancer has spread beyond the breast area. There are numerous breast cancer treatments available, and those afflicted should consult their health care professional to determine the best option.

Tips and Home Remedies

Outside of clinical help for breast cancer, those diagnosed can take measures within the home to help with prevention and recovery. In addition to maintaining a low-fat diet, staying in shape with exercise and staying away from known causes of cancer will help those in taking preventative action. Outside of getting regular breast examinations from a health care professional, self-examinations are also advocated to help people become aware of the develop of breast cancer as soon as possible.

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